All Things Vocal Blog & Podcast by Judy Rodman: October 2021

Training & insights for stage and studio singers, speakers, vocal coaches and producers from professional vocal coach and author of "Power, Path & Performance" vocal training method. Download All Things Vocal podcast on your fav app!

Tuesday, October 19, 2021

What's Wrong With Your Vocal Warm-up? 4 Possibilities - UPDATED 2021

Vocal exercises leave your throat feeling like this? STOP!!

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You had a sneaking suspicion that with a little work, your voice could be better than you've been settling for. So you decided to find some vocal exercises to improve your sound, or make it easier to sing your high notes. You found some, but you discover they are at best, not effective -- or at worst they actually create tension, limiting your voice even more and leaving your voice feeling strained even before you begin singing songs! What's wrong? (Oh yes, there is something definitely wrong!) Here are 4 possible causes:

1. You are doing the wrong exercises for your voice.

Self-prescribing can get you into trouble. Just like pharmaceuticals, there are tons of vocal exercises offered on the internet, on phone apps, and suggested by well-meaning friends. While some of these exercises (done correctly) do work, some of them that have been dreamed up are actually tightening and even damaging. Examples I would say include:
  • Contorting your face, tongue or jaw as strenuously as you can. Stretching is good, but stretching any muscle all the way causes your automatic nervous system to apply a 'knee-jerk' contraction to prevent tearing. That's a good way to set up tension and even muscle-spasm at the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). Move your face around and loosen it, yes, but never as radically as possible, and stop before your jaw or face gets tired of stretching.
  • Or keeping your face (eyes, jaw) as still as possible. Sorry, once again I find this common admonition counterproductive. To test this yourself, try singing or speaking a short phrase with a frozen face. Then do it again with a very active face such as you would use with a baby or puppy. See what I mean?
  • Using vocal fry exercises. Some coaches use this but I find this extremely counterproductive and fatiguing, unless you zip them backwards so your vocal folds are not abused. Definitely don't use vocal fry in your speaking voice!
  • Projecting air pressure for volume, which goes along with a misunderstanding of what 'healthy belt' voice is. Your rich and controlled volume should come from a balance of support and control, not just support. Your vocal cords should never feel the air push through them!

2. You are doing healthy vocal exercises but incorrectly with bad form. 

Just like any athletic basic skills training, you can hurt yourself trying to help yourself if you don't know how to do the exercise. For instance:
  • You practice tension. 
Yes, it's great to do lip bubbles and tongue trills. But if you push them, even they can cause tension! Why would you want to practice tensing your voice??
  • You don't know how to prepare to travel through your vocal range. 
Scales of all kinds can open up your range. But if you don't know how to 'lift before you sound' you'll push into your highs and lows.  And then of course, you'll perform as you practice.
  • You think you're strengthening your voice by exercising til it hurts. 
Just like pumping iron, if you go too far or too long with vocal exercises, you can hurt yourself. Here's the rule: If it hurts, STOP! No pain is gain when it comes to your voice. It's OK to stretch and challenge your voice, but not til it hurts!

3. You are warming up your voice too fast. 

Use common sense here. Again, like any physical endeavor, if you go from zero to 60 (or even to 5 if you're really cold), you can create the opposite of a warmup... you can cause a tighten up!
  • Yes, your voice wants access to movement. But start slow. Get those tissues flexing and getting some blood flowing before increasing the exercise's range or level of intensity.
  • f you can't do something yet, DO NOT PUSH ! Just take a calming breath, back up and begin at an earlier place in your warm-up until your voice says 'yes' to being challenged.

4. You are not doing your vocal exercises long enough.

If you've been singing or touring a lot and your vocal stamina is up, you may need 5 or 10 minutes of warm-up. If you haven't been singing regularly, have been sick or just have some mucous build-up, you might need 20 to 45 minutes. How do you know? Your voice feels flexible, open and free, and is working like you want it to!
  •  I recently re-learned the wisdom of taking enough time to completely warm up my voice before performance. I woke up with some gunk coating my throat that seemingly would just not let go. I was afraid I was going to be able to do my lead vocals that day. But I kept on slowly and carefully challenging my voice, finally shook the gunk off, limbered my instrument up and nailed those vocals that day. 
  • The same thing has happened to me numerous times for stage performance.
  • One of my favorite things to do is to have a student begin our lesson with a phlegmy or flabby instrument that isn't working well, and ending the lesson with the voice feeling warm and flexible, singing the song that would have been impossible at the start!.
  • Use common sense and don't overdo vocal exercises too long or too strenuously if you have a long performance that day. There is a limit to your physical and mental energy, and you'll need that energy for your vocal main event. Again, at the end of your exercise, your should feel great, not tired!

What can you do?

  1. Next time you warmup... assess how your voice feels immediately afterwards. If it doesn't feel great, get to the bottom of 'why not'.
  2. If you don't know HOW to do vocal exercises properly, DON'T DO THEM! Just sing easy songs and do tongue tanglers to warm your voice up.
  3. Get a trusted vocal coach to teach you how to do vocal exercises that fit your voice.

Remember: your vocal warm-up is not supposed to be a vocal tighten-up!

Need more help? 

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Monday, October 11, 2021

Interview with Jenny Tolman - Country Star Rising


Jenny Tolman                         Judy Rodman

Can a singer/songwriter grow into an artist heralded as the 'Next Big Thing' - without a major label? Meet Jenny Tolman...

- Watch the video interview above -
- or listen to All Things Vocal Podcast audio below, or on most podcast apps

NOTE: If you don't see video or audio file, please click post title to view & listen online.


Watching/listening to this interview will bring you joy, because joy is what this rising country star loves to create (and we do laugh a lot!). Jenny really has been called 'the Next Big Thing' by top industry publications, for good reason. Her writing is on par with the best country has to offer, and her voice is not just excellent, it's uniquely iconic. She not only has a growing fanbase of people who adore her, she cares and looks for ways to create value for them and make their lives better. Her hilarious songwriting is matched by the depth of her serious songs. It's my great honor to be her vocal coach, and her story should inspire us all. So please... Enjoy!

More about Jenny Tolman

Jenny is a singer, songwriter, performer and gluten-egg-sugar-free-cook. Without a major label's help, she has amassed a list of major accomplishments including...
The Nashville Scene chose There Goes the Neighborhood as “Best Country Debut Album. 
The Tennessean named her an “Artist to Watch” 
MusicRow Magazine included her in its “Next Big Thing” Class of 2020.
Legendary Music Row writer Robert K. Oermann says Tolman is “practically single-handedly bringing humor back into country music.” 
She’s been featured in such national publications as People Magazine, Rolling Stone Magazine, and American Songwriter.
She’s done a duet with country legend Jeannie Seely.
Actor Jeff Bridges cut one of her songs.
She has won CMT’s video countdown twice. 
Her tour dates lately included a spot at Bridgestone in the Charlie Daniels Event.
She was featured just last week in an episode of ‘Say Yes To The Dress’. Yes, she’s getting married… her fiancé is Grammy winning producer Dave Brainard.

Her website: 

Her latest press articles:

  1. Say Yes to the Dress-
  2. Engagement story in People Mag-
  3. Duet with Jeannie Seely in American Songwriter-
  4. Here is the music video for “There Goes the Neighborhood”-
  5. Find more acoustic performances from Jenny on last year's 'Cloud Rounds' songwriter round-
  6. Pre-save her new single "I Know Some Cowboys"

Want help with YOUR voice?

Learn more and contact me at 

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