There are many vital reasons for singers to work on increasing vocal range. One is of course that you can sing wider range songs without straining and damaging your poor vocal cords! Another is that healthy vocal training for more range can help your vocal apparatus gain strength, stamina and flexibility. This improves your vocal ability in general, giving you richer resonance, more tonal options, better control of pitch and volume as well as more accuracy to execute vocal licks and style idiosyncrasies. So increasing your range is about more than bragging rights!
There are different ways to define the concept of vocal range. Here are three:
How many octaves can you sing between your lowest chest voice and your highest head voice notes?
How high can you sing in 'full voice'?
How well can you connect your vocal registers so it seems you have one smooth register without a discernible break?
There are different vocal exercises and training techniques for each of the above three goals. To really improve and protect your voice, train for all three!1. To increase your total vocal range through all registers:
- I don't recommend creating vocal fry for the low end of your range; it's not a practical sound and if used habitually it is can create vocal damage. Just sing as low as you can create tone with pitch.
- Try stretching your torso out instead of collapsing your chest to sound lower notes.
- Practice carefully to lift your head voice range... don't push high notes up, intend them and let them float up.
- Do challenge yourself by supporting your highest head voice range solidly from the pelvic floor, but never push or strain your voice to go up another step.
- This is also known as 'mixed' or 'middle' voice, gradually changing the mix of chest and head register involvement as you goes higher but not quite crossing into pure head voice. To do this, you must balance the strength in the two sets of muscles (TA and CT) that work your chest and head registers. To gain this continually adjusting balance...
- First, increase the amount of exercise you do with the vocal register you use the least (usually head voice for contemporary voice singers, chest voice for classical singers).
- Then learn to do some full voice vocal exercises (almost but not quite crossing into pure head voice) with absolutely correct form. I like humming exercises with a loose jaw for this purpose.
- As you go higher in full voice, back off your air pressure so as not to have to go into head voice to avoid strain. Elongate and allow morphing of vowels for ease. Check my earlier blogpost for more tips on hitting full voice high notes.
- If you are training correctly, you'll notice it gets easier and easier to sing higher in full voice than you ever have. But note: this should NOT be a pushed, strained or tight sound, just rich and bright! Even metal rockers and r&b divas can learn to expand full voice ranges with no vocal strain.
- Do lots of big range vocal exercises that cross your vocal registers; learn to blend and hide breaks at the transition areas and allow a mix to develop between registers.
- Lip and tongue trills and sirens that go across your whole range are just some of the great vocal exercises that can get you moving across and blending your registers smoothly.
- Try to make the top of your chest voice sound just like the bottom of your head voice.
- Learn the "pull" method of sounding your voice, which will balance you breath support/control and give you just the right amount of breath to go across your registers without breaking.
So, how big should your vocal range be?The answer can depend on genre-specific norms. The better question is... what should your USABLE vocal range be?
Here is the way I like to answer... As big as is necessary to singing what you wish to sing without strain. Period. Need help? Book a lesson. Then practice your vocal exercises!