The tongue can get us in trouble, in more ways than one. Its base is attached to the top of the larynx and if in the wrong position it can cause vocal strain, limit range, obstruct the open throat and cause over- or under- articulation (too much or too little clarity of pronunciation).
Training it is a paradox, however, because sometimes too much attention to it causes it to tense just trying to do the right thing. I'm not a fan of strenuous tongue stretching and exercising before singing. My favorite method of dealing with the tongue is to use it for the right reason and the right communication psychology. The tongue should articulate a message so that the intended ear can understand not only the words, but the meaning behind the words. This is a holistic approach and usually works well to get the tongue out of the back of the throat.
However, sometimes an ingrained habit will necessitate more specific training. Some 'tips':
- One should use the tip and front sides of the tongue to articulate lyrics, not the base.
- The less one uses the base of the tongue the better, because when it bunches up in active use, it pulls the larynx up and also significantly narrows the voice channel in the back of the mouth.
- When forming words, in general the tip of the tongue should stay at or near the back of the front teeth. Yes, certain vowels and pitches need different tongue involvment but the point is to operate the tongue in the front and keep the back of the tongue from bunching or bulking up.
- One should NOT over-flatten the tongue because this will cause tension in the back of the throat. The correct way to lower the tongue for certain pitches and vowels is just to do the beginning of a yawn.. not the end of the yawn. In fact people yawn in my lessons more than they do anywhere else...
- Tongue tanglers are terrific and very practical tongue exercises. Try saying these phrases three or four times in a row:
- "Eleven benevolent elephants",
- "red leather, yellow leather",
- "good blood, bad blood",
- "tim the thin tinsmith",
- "you know New York you need New York you know you need unique New York",
- Mallory's hourly salary",
- "the sixth sheik's sixth sheep's sick", etc.
Another tongue exercise is simply to do great vocal exercises properly.
If your tongue is particularly large, you may have to be even more careful to articulate in such a way that the base stays flat and out of the back of the throat.
Let the tongue just ride along with the lowering and chewing movement of the jaw. When singing, the less the tongue has to do, the better.
And lastly... a good check and fix for a bulked up tongue base is to put two fingers firmly up under your chin and sing or talk. Purpose your fingers to keep that area relaxed, flat instead of bulked up.
Anyone out there have experience with tongue issues or fixes in practical speaking or singing situations? Would love your comments!